The thyroid gland is a small butterfly-shaped gland that sits on top of the neck. It is located in front of the voice box and is in control of your thyroid. When your thyroid does not function correctly, it will affect all areas of your body. In particular, if your body produces too much thyroid hormone, you may develop a medical condition known as hyperthyroidism. If your thyroid produces too little thyroid hormone, then you may develop a medical condition called hypothyroidism.
One of the first steps you need to take if you think you have either of these conditions is seeing your doctor. Your doctor will be able to determine if you have one of these conditions or not. Also, he or she will be able to give you the best treatment for your particular diagnosis. Depending on what is causing your low thyroid function, your doctor will prescribe medication for you.
Hypothyroidism is the most common thyroid disorder. In this case, there is an overproduction of thyroid hormones in the body. Another possible cause of hypothyroidism is an infection, which causes your thyroid glands to enlarge and release an excessive amount of hormones. Some people also develop hypothyroidism after taking medication for the thyroid. Surgery may be another option for some individuals who suffer from low thyroid gland function. However, before having surgery, your doctor will want to test you to ensure that you truly have low thyroid levels and that you are not suffering from other health complications that may suggest thyroid surgery.
While some symptoms of this thyroid problem are similar to other medical conditions, your doctor can also identify symptoms of this thyroid condition. If you are experiencing neck pain, constipation, weight gain or weight loss, fatigue, swelling in your hands, swollen feet or hands, and/or any other unexplained issues relating to your health, you should schedule an appointment with your doctor. Additionally, if you have been using any hormone replacement therapy, such as estrogen or testosterone replacement therapy, you should stop using these medications immediately to avoid complications from occurring as a result.
Iodine deficiency is a serious condition that should not be overlooked. Iodine deficiency can lead to serious complications such as brain damage and increased risks of contracting cancer. Anyone who is thinking about taking thyroid supplements must make sure they are taking a recommended dosage, and they are getting a proper amount of iodine each day.
Hyperthyroidism is the condition of having an overactive thyroid that can also produce enlarged lymph nodes. Some people may actually experience swelling in the neck, face, arms, legs, and/or back. Some people may even experience increased sensitivity to hot or cold temperatures. If you have been experiencing any combination of these symptoms, you should definitely schedule an appointment with your physician to discuss your condition.
A common sign of low thyroid function is weight gain. People experiencing weight gain due to low metabolism are often those with hyperthyroidism and may have no other underlying medical conditions. Because the thyroid controls metabolism, if your thyroid is not producing the right amount of hormones, your metabolism will affect every other aspect of your health. Metabolism is essential for the proper functioning of your entire body and is only slowed down when your thyroid is not producing the appropriate amount of hormones.
Some people may experience oversensitivity to heat and/or light. This is commonly known as ‘cerebellar ataxia’ and involves difficulty with eye-hand coordination, poor posture, and weak reflexes. A simple blood test can usually diagnose people who are hyperthyroid or hypothyroid. The physician will then look for any other possible diseases (several major diseases related to the thyroid) and do some blood tests to check for thyroid hormones and see how your body responds. If there is a high level of hormones in your blood, then the chances are good that your pituitary gland may be malfunctioning and your thyroid hormones may be too high.